In recent years, the international response to humanitarian emergencies has demonstrated that the system does not always meet the basic needs of affected populations in a timely and predictable manner. The capacity of the existing emergency response is often insufficient to adequately meet basic needs in the event of a major crisis.
To better understand and correct these shortcomings and to improve predictability, timeliness and effectiveness of the emergency response, a cluster approach promoting the effective use of expertise and technical know-how of mandated organizations in different areas is recommended.
Concept of cluster
A cluster consists of various categories of humanitarian actors (Government and non-governmental). Under the coordination and the leadership of Ministries or for a particular technical expertise, a cluster is composed of one or more members of the United Nations, international and local NGOs and members of the Private Sector.
The following table shows the traditional structure at the national level at which the Private Sector Humanitarian Platform is called to align itself:
Its mandate includes three components. Continuously, the cluster deals with prevention activities and preparation for disasters. When emergencies arise, the cluster participates in damages assessments. Based on those observations, it makes recommendations to the CRIC and contributes to the implementation of response activities, resilience, early recovery and projects /programs for disaster and risk management.